Nutrition in Chinese Medicine: TCM Syndrome

Qi Stagnation

Example of symptoms:

Feeling of pressure, tightness, or oppression. Strong, dull, pressing pain. Pain in the area of the disorder, often pain increase with pressure, sometimes with varying intensity and localization of pain. Tension headaches, rib-side pain.

To use:

Light meals, spicy flavor, warm and hot nature: Pepper, chili, Chinese leeks, green onions, fennel, garlic, vinegar, coriander, chili, dill, basil, lettuce, leek.

To avoid:

Cold nature, sour flavor.

Blood Stagnation

Example of symptoms:

xxx

To use:

xxx

To avoid:

xxx

Qi Deficiency

Example of symptoms:

Fatigue, exhaustion, lack of appetite, lack of concentration, abdominal bloating, soft or sloppy stool, tendency to diarrhea, tendency to feel cold and to shiver, aversion to cold, lowered resistance, frequent backaches in the lumbar vertebral column, frequent urination with clear urine, large amounts of urine, nocturia (excessive night time urination), dyspnea (shortness of breath), premature ejaculation, reduced sexual desire, impotence, physical and mental asthenia, spontaneous sweating, dizziness, visual disturbances, worse with exercise

To use:

Oats, millet, corn, rice, spelt, chickens, turkey, geese, duck, rabbit, lamb, beef, oysters, trout, lobster, salmon, anchovies, fennel, carrots, leeks, chestnuts, ginger, garlic, coriander, hazelnuts, black sesame, walnuts, lentils, honey, egg, pumpkin, potato, radish, cherry, chestnut, jujube, lychees, apple, grape, licorice

To avoid:

garlic, basil, coriander, rhubarb, tangerine peel, apricot almond. Too much thermally cold food, yin products, or raw foods; irregular eating habits; too much dairy; too many trop-ical fruits, frozen foods, denaturalized foods, canned foods, or ice-cold bever-ages; hasty eating; eating too late in the day.

Blood Deficiency

Example of symptoms:

Pale skin, pale lips, sensation of dizziness inside head, dull complexion, numbness, fatigue, dry hair and skin. Liver blood vacu-ity (gan xue xu): Blurred vision, sleep disorders, dry and brittle nails, muscle weakness, muscle cramps, sen-sation of “pins and needles” or falling asleep of the limbs, sen-sitivity of eyes to light, psycho-logical, mental, and gynecological symptoms, lack of drive, nervousness, emo-tional frailty, low self-esteem, heart palpitations, menstrual disorders such as painful men-struation or absence of men-struation (dysmenorrhea or amenorrhea). Chronic blood vacuity symptoms are general dry-ness: Dry skin, dry hair, possibly hair loss, and brit-tle nails. Blood vacuity can create favorable condi-tions for liver wind, causing dry skin conditions accompanied by severe itching and blisters on alternating parts of the body. Tongue: Pale, small; dry tongue body Pulse: Thin, fine or rough

To use:

Grains Oats, amaranth, short-grain (glutinous) rice, rice Vegetables All thermally neutral and refreshing vegetables like red beets, red cabbage, carrots, spinach, fennel Meat Chicken, chicken liver, beef, beef stock, beef liver, veal liver, lamb liver (liver preferably from organically raised animals or aninmals living in the wild) Fish Oysters, mussels, squid (octopus), perch, eel Fruits Red grapes, sweet cherries, longans (a type of lychee), plums, apricots Nuts and seeds Sesame, sunflower seeds Beverages Red beet juice, sweet cherry juice, plum juice, red tea (e.g., rosehip tea, hibiscus), red grape juice, red wine in moderation Practical Guidelines for Giving Nutritional Advice 61

To avoid:

Warming cooking methods and thermally hot foods. All bitter foods, especially the flavors bitter–hot and bitter–warm. Acrid–hot and acrid– warm flavors, since these dry out blood. Black tea, hot chocolate, acrid spices such as garlic, ginger, pepper, curry, cinnamon, etc. Energetically hot drinks such as coffee, high-proof alcohol, yogi tea (chai).

Yang Deficiency

Example of symptoms:

Primarily cold symptoms, such as cold, pale extremities, general weakness, severe mental and physical exhaustion, lack of drive, general loss of strength, as well as water retention in form of edemas. Women can encounter menstrual disor-ders, missed periods, and diarrhea. Tongue: Pale, swollen, with tooth impressions Pulse: Vacuous, weak

To use:

Basically the same as for qi vacuity. However, more foods with strong yang character can be used. Beef, poultry, lamb, game (especially venison) Also Fennel, walnuts, chestnuts, corn, raisins, cherries, peaches, leeks, acrid spices

To avoid:

xxx

Yin Deficiency

Example of symptoms:

Thirst, dry mouth, hot soles of the feet, especially at night, possibly hot hands, burning sensation behind the chest bone, night sweat, possibly weight loss. Symptoms that occur due to pseudo-yang as a result of yin vacuity: Restlessness, agita-tion, nervousness, sleep disorders, dizziness, inter-nal heat sensation; dry, hard stool; easily startled, emotional instability, susceptibility to stress, lack of resiliency. Tongue: Red, chapped Pulse: Rapid, thin.

To use:

Yin foods with neutral–sweet and refreshing– sweet flavor. Meat/fish Pork, oysters Vegetables Cooling, refreshing vegetables, spinach, tomatoes, seaweed Grains Spelt, corn, rice, wheat Fruit Apples, pears, blackberries, cit-rus fruit, strawberries, bananas, grapes Dairy products Butter, cheese, yogurt, milk Soy products Tofu, soy milk Beverages Red fruit juices, citrus juices, wheat beer

To avoid:

Heat; foods with yang characteristics; the flavors hot–bitter, warm–bitter, hot–acrid, warm– acrid; hot and warm foods or beverages, especially cof-fee, black tea, red wine; garlic, ginger, acrid spices; high-proof alcohol. 58 General Applications of Chinese Dietetics

Damp Accumulation

Example of symptoms:

General phlegm disorders ? Protracted illnesses that do not improve despite intensive treatment. ? Painless lumps beneath the skin that are neither hot nor red and are freely movable (lipoma). ? A general feeling of heaviness and numbness, sluggishness, chronic fatigue, difficulty concen-trating, especially dull headache and recurrent dizziness (Ménière disease). ? Frequent infections in children, with stuffy nose, muciferous and purulent bronchitis, and puru-lent maxillary sinus and frontal sinus infections. ? Obesity.Tongue: Puffy, wet tongue is typical, partly with impression (spleen qi or spleen yang vacuity). Often oily, soft fur appears on a normal, but pale tongue in the retrolingual region. White fur: cold phlegm; yellow fur: heat phlegm. Pulse: Typical slippery pulse, similar to pulse of a pregnant woman.

To use:

All foods that strengthen the spleen to deter fur-ther production of dampness and phlegm (see “Spleen/Pancreas Qi Vacuity,” p. 69 and “Spleen/Pancreas Yang Vacuity,” p. 69). ? Millet, rice, and corn are especially beneficial for supplementing and warming the spleen. ? Soy beans and mung beans are recommended for removing excess moisture from the body.

To avoid:

fast food, too many sweets, dairy prod-ucts, and sugary soda pops. Foods that produce copious phlegm, especially dairy products, bananas, very oily and fatty foods, junk foods, too much of the sweet flavors, sugary beverages. An excess of yin foods (take into account season and climate!): raw foods, salads, and cool/cold types of fruit, citrus fruits, and juices. Frozen foods and cooking or heating meals in the microwave should also be avoided. Caution: Meat and alcohol produce phlegm if con-sumed excessively. This applies especially to pork and wheat beer. With recurrent phlegm conditions, drasti-cally reduce meat, alcohol, dairy products, sweets, and fatty foods. Abstain from these altogether for three to six weeks.

Internal Heat

Example of symptoms:

xxx

To use:

xxx

To avoid:

xxx

Written by Cedric Mallants / Acupunctuur en Traditionele Chinese Geneeskunde therapist in Eindhoven.

 

Source

  • Huang Di Nei Jing (黃帝內經)

  • The Tao of Healthy Eating (Bob Flaws)

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